Epkg User Manual

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Epkg User Manual

With Epkg you can browse the Emacsmirror package database using an interface similar to that of package.el.

This manual is for Epkg version 3.0.0 (v3.0.0-33-g81b1a33+1).

Copyright (C) 2016-2018 Jonas Bernoulli <jonas@bernoul.li>

You can redistribute this document and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This document is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.


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1 Introduction

Epkg is a package that provides access to a local copy of the Emacsmirror package database. It provides low-level functions for querying the database and a package.el-like user interface for browsing the database.

Epkg itself is not a package manager, but the closely related Borg 1 package manager makes use of it.

The Emacsmirror is a growing collection of Emacs Lisp packages. All mirrored packages are available as Git repositories. In most cases this is done by mirroring the upstream Git repository, but if upstream uses something else, then the mirror nevertheless makes the package available as a Git repository.

One primary purpose of the Emacsmirror is to provide a comprehensive list of available Emacs packages, including packages which have gone out of fashion (but might later prove to be useful still).

Older efforts attempting to provide a comprehensive list of available packages, such as the Emacs Lisp List, over time collected an impressive list of dead links to packages which were no longer available anywhere.

With the Emacsmirror this won’t happen. If a package’s upstream disappears, then a copy remains available on the mirror. Once its upstream has disappeared a package is usually moved from the Emacsmirror to the Emacsattic, where it is no longer updated. (The Emacsattic is a Github "organization" separate from the Emacsmirror organization, but it is considered part of the Emacsmirror project.)

For more information about the Emacsmirror visit its homepage 2 and the blog post in which the current incarnation was announced 3.


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2 Installation

Epkg is available from Melpa and Melpa-Stable. To install it and its dependencies run M-x package-install RET epkg RET.

The Epkg database is stored in an SQLite database, which it accesses using the EmacSQL package.

Because the command line tool that comes with SQLite is unreliable, EmacSQL uses its own binary. By default that binary is compiled every time EmacSQL is updated, and if that fails, then EmacSQL asks whether you want to download a pre-build binary.

The SQLite database file is stored in a Git repository. If Epkg cannot find your local clone of that repository, then it offers to clone it to the location specified by the option epkg-repository. It isn’t necessary but preferable to clone the repository manually before loading epkg.

git clone https://github.com/emacsmirror/epkgs.git ~/.emacs.d/epkgs

If you cloned the repository to a different location, then you have to set the value of epkg-repository accordingly. Add the following to your init file and don’t forget to evaluate that form so that it also takes effect in the current session. To do so place the cursor after the closing parentheses and type C-M-x.

(setq epkg-repository "/path/to/epkgs/")
User Option: epkg-repository

This option specifies the location of the local Emacsmirror repository.

This repository contains the Epkg SQLite database and, if they have been initialized, all package repositories from the Emacsmirror and Emacsattic as submodules.

If you change the value of this option, then you should also manually move the repository. Otherwise it would be cloned again.

The local clone of the Epkg repository is not updated automatically, so you should periodically use M-x epkg-update RET to update the database.

Command: epkg-update

This command updates the Epkg database by pulling the master branch in the epkg-repository and then reloading the Epkg database. It returns the database connection.


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3 Listing Packages

Epkg provides several commands for listing packages.

In the buffer which lists packages, typing RET displays information about the package at point in another buffer.

User Option: epkg-list-exclude-types

The value of this option is a list of package types. Most commands that list packages exclude any package whose type matches one of the types listed here. The command epkg-list-packages-of-type does not respect this option, and you can tell the other commands to ignore it as well by using a prefix argument.

User Option: epkg-list-columns

This option lists the columns used in buffers that list packages.

Each element has the form (HEADER WIDTH SORT PROPS SLOT FORMAT).

If an elements SLOT is downloads, then the respective SORT should be epkg-list-sort-by-downloads. If an elements SLOT is stars, then the respective SORT should be epkg-list-sort-by-stars.

User Option: epkg-list-mode-hook

This hook is run after entering Epkg-List mode, the mode used in buffers that list packages.

Command: epkg-list-packages

This command displays a list of all mirrored (and possibly also shelved) packages.

Command: epkg-list-matching-packages

This command displays a list of packages whose summaries match a regular expression, which is read in the minibuffer.

Command: epkg-list-keyworded-packages

This command displays a list of packages that have a keyword set, which is read in the minibuffer.

Only keywords that are members of finder-known-keywords are offered as completion candidates, but you can also enter other keywords.

Command: epkg-list-packages-by-author

This command displays a list of packages which are authored or maintained by a person. The person, a name or email address, is read in the minibuffer.

By default all of the above commands omit shelved packages from their output. With a prefix argument or when epkg-list-packages-omit-shelved is nil, then they don’t omit any packages. However the following command ignores this option and always lists shelved packages when appropriate.

Command: epkg-list-packages-of-type

This command displays a list of packages of a certain type. The type is read in the minibuffer. To list all packages of a certain type and its subtypes use TYPE* instead of just TYPE.


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4 Describing a Package

To display details about a single package in a buffer use the command epkg-describe-package. In buffers which list packages RET is bound to epkg-list-describe-package, which displays the package at point in another buffer.

By default the description buffer shows a tree of the packages the described package depends on. Click on the symbol before the package name to expand the node to show the dependencies of that dependency.

The first column lists the names of package that provide the feature(s) in the third column. The second column shows the type of the package in the first column.

The features in the third column are displayed in bold or using the regular font weight to indicate whether it is a hard (mandatory) or soft (optional) dependency.

Note that dependencies are determined automatically and even when a feature is shown using a bold face it might actually be optional. This could for example be the case when a feature is only required by one library that isn’t required by any of the other libraries of the package it belongs to. Or a feature might even only be required by a single command, and the respective require form is only evaluated when that command is called.

Reverse dependencies are also displayed in a second tree. Here the first column lists the names of packages which depend on features from the described package and the third column shows which of these libraries are required.

Command: epkg-describe-package

This command displays information about a package in a separate buffer. The name of the package to be displayed is read in the minibuffer.

Command: epkg-list-describe-package

This command displays information about the package at point in a separate buffer.

It is only intended to be used in buffers which list packages. In other buffers, or in a list buffer when you want to display a package other than the one at point use epkg-describe-package.

User Option: epkg-describe-package-slots

The value of this option is a list of slots to be displayed when displaying information about an Epkg package in a help buffer.

Each element of the list can be a function, a slot symbol, or nil. Functions are called with one argument, the Epkg object, and should insert a representation of the value at point. Raw slot symbols cause its non-nil value to be inserted as-is. If a slot’s value is nil, then nothing is inserted. Elements that are nil stand for empty lines.

User Option: epkg-describe-package-slots-width

The value of this option specifies the width used to display slot names in buffers displaying information about an Epkg package.


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5 Package Types

Each package has a type, which specifies how the package is distributed and mirrored.

Packages are implemented using the Eieio object system (more or less in implementation of CLOS). A TYPE corresponds to the class epkg-TYPE-package. The epkg package makes little use of methods, but emir, the package used to maintain the Emacsmirror, makes extensive use of them. There exist five abstract classes (there are no instances of abstract classes, only of its subclasses): epkg-package, epkg-mirrored-package, epkg-gitish-package, epkg-subset-package, and epkg-mocking-package. Except for the second these classes are mostly an implementation detail and not relevant when merely using Epkg to browse the packages.


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6 Using Epkg Objects

Most users won’t have to access the Epkg objects directly and can just use the commands described in the preceding sections, but if you would like to extend Epkg, then you should know about the following functions.

Epkg objects are implemented using Eieio, which more or less is an implementation of CLOS. It’s useful to learn about that, but to get started you may just use oref to optain information about a package, e.g. (oref (epkg "magit") url).

Function: epkg name

This function returns an epkg-package object for the package named NAME. NAME is the name of a package, a string.

Function: epkgs &optional select predicates

This function returns a list of epkg-package objects or a list of database rows. The list is ordered by the package names in ascending order.

If optional SELECT is non-nil, then it has to be a list of columns of the packages table. In that case the returned value is a list of database rows.

If optional PREDICATES is non-nil, then it has to be a list of package class predicate functions, or a single such function. Valid functions are named either epkg-TYPE-package-p or epkg-TYPE-package--eieio-childp. Only packages are returned for which one of these predicates returns non-nil.

This function is more limited than epkg-sql but it’s often much less verbose. For example (epkgs nil 'epkg-gitlab-package-p) returns the same value as:

(mapcar (apply-partially #'closql--remake-instance
                         'epkg-package (epkg-db))
        (epkg-sql [:select * :from packages
                   :where class :in $v1
                   :order-by [(asc name)]]
                  (closql-where-class-in 'epkg-gitlab-package)))

While it is possible to get a list of provided or required features, or a package’s type using oref, the values of these slots contains additional information, which is mostly useful when maintaining the Emacsmirror, but not in a client. And the required slot only lists features but not the packages that provide them. The following functions return these values in a form that is generally more useful.

Function: epkg-provided package &optional include-bundled

This function returns a list of features provided by the package PACKAGE. PACKAGE is an epkg-package object or a package name, a string.

Bundled features are excluded from the returned list unless optional INCLUDE-BUNDLED is non-nil.

Function: epkg-required package

This function returns a list of packages and features required by the package PACKAGE. PACKAGE is an epkg-package object or a package name, a string.

Each element has the form (DEPENDENCY FEATURES), where DEPENDENCY is the name of a required package, a string, and FEATURES is a list of features provided by DEPENDENCY and required by PACKAGE.

If a feature is represented using a symbol, then that indicates that it is a mandatory dependency; if a string is used, then it is an optional dependency.

There may be a single element (nil FEATURES), which means that it is unknown which package or packages provide the feature or features listed in FEATURES.

Function: epkg-provided-by feature

Return the name of the package provided by FEATURE. FEATURE has to be a symbol.

Function: epkg-reverse-dependencies package

This function returns a list of packages that depend on PACKAGE. PACKAGE is an epkg-package object or a package name, a string.

Each element has the form (DEPENDANT FEATURES), where DEPENDANT is the name of a package that depends on PACKAGE, a string, and FEATURES is a list of features provided by PACKAGE and required by DEPENDANT.

If a feature is represented using a symbol, then that indicates that it is a mandatory dependency; if a string is used, then it is an optional dependency.

Function: epkg-type arg

This function returns the type of the object or class ARG.

ARG has to be the class epkg-package, a subclass of that, an epkg-package object, or an object of a subclass. The type represents the class and is used in the user interface, where it would be inconvenient to instead use the actual class name, because the latter is longer and an implementation detail.

Function: epkg-package-types subtypes

This function returns a list of all package types.

If optional SUBTYPES is non-nil, then it also returns symbols of the form TYPE*, which stands for "TYPE and its subtypes".

Function: epkg-read-type prompt &optional default subtypes

This function reads an Epkg type in the minibuffer and returns it as a symbol.

If optional DEFAULT is non-nil, then that is offered as default choice. If optional CHILDP is non-nil, then entries of the form TYPE*, which stands for "TYPE and its subtypes", are also offered as completion candidates.

Function: epkg-read-package prompt &optional default

This function reads the name of an Epkg package in the minibuffer and returns it as a string.

Optional DEFAULT, if non-nil, is offered as default choice.


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7 Querying the Database

If you are more interested in information about all or a subset of mirrored packages, as opposed to individual packages, then you should query the database directly instead of using the functions epkg and epkgs.

This is usually much more efficient, but requires that you know a bit about SQL, specifically SQLite 4, and that you make yourself familiar with the syntax used by EmacSQL 5 to express SQL statements.

The statistics about the Emacsmirror and related package archives 6 for the most part use epkg-sql, you might find the tools 7 used to create those statistics useful when getting started with that function.

Function: epkg-db

This function returns the connection to the Epkg database.

If the epkg-repository, which contains the SQLite database file, does not exist yet, then this function first asks the user whether they want to clone the repository.

Function: epkg-sql sql &rest args

This function sends the SQL S-expression to the Epkg database and returns the result. This is a wrapper around emacsql that lacks the CONNECTION argument. Instead it uses the connection returned by epkg-db.


Footnotes

(1)

https://emacsair.me/2016/05/17/assimilate-emacs-packages-as-git-submodules

(2)

https://emacsmirror.net

(3)

https://emacsair.me/2016/04/16/re-introducing-the-emacsmirror

(4)

https://sqlite.org/lang.html

(5)

https://github.com/skeeto/emacsql

(6)

https://emacsmirror.net/stats

(7)

https://github.com/emacsmirror/epkg-reports